“Periodontal” literally means “around the tooth,” and periodontal disease (also known as gum disease or periodontitis) is a progressive disease that attacks the gums and bones that support and surround your teeth. Periodontal disease occurs when plaque (a combination of food, saliva, and bacteria) is allowed to accumulate on the teeth and gums. Plaque will turn into calculus, which in turn begins destroying the gums and bone.
Periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults and some studies have shown periodontal disease to be connected with serious health disorders, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Some of the most common causes of periodontal disease include:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Pregnancy or menopause
- Tobacco use
- Poor diet
- Chronic stress
- Diabetes or other medical problems
- Teeth grinding
- Certain medications
Types of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis – the mildest form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the only form of periodontal disease that is reversible. Through a consistent home hygiene routine and regular cleanings (sometimes including scaling and root planing) at Douglas Hauck DDS, Inc., gingivitis can be reversed and you can enjoy all the benefits of a healthy smile.
Chronic Periodontal Disease – the most common form of periodontal disease. While it can’t be completely cured, Dr. Douglas Hauck can halt the progression of chronic periodontal disease through scaling and root planing, antimicrobial treatments, and in some cases, surgical care (tissue grafts or pocket reduction surgery).
Aggressive Periodontal Disease – this is similar to chronic periodontal disease, but progresses much faster. Smokers are often at an increased risk for aggressive periodontal disease. In most cases, surgical intervention as well as scaling and root planing, antimicrobial, and laser procedures are necessary to halt the progression of the disease.
Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions – Periodontal disease isn’t always a solitary condition. Some cofactors, including heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes, can accelerate and intensify the periodontal disease. After the medical cofactor has been controlled, Dr. Douglas Hauck will use scaling and root planing, antimicrobial, laser, and surgical procedures to halt the progression of the disease.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease – the rarest form of periodontal disease, necrotizing periodontal disease is often associated with smoking and/or serious health disorders such as HIV, malnutrition, and chronic stress. Our dentist will consult with a physician before deciding which treatment is right in this situation.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
- Pain, redness, or swelling in the gums
- Unexplained bleeding when flossing, brushing, or eating
- Teeth that appear longer due to gum recession
- Pus in between the teeth
- Looser teeth
- Changes to your bite
To prevent and reduce your risk of periodontal disease, remember to brush and floss every day, maintain a balanced diet, and regularly visit Dr. Douglas Hauck our dental office. If you are interested in learning more about treatments for periodontal disease in Newport Beach, California, please call or visit our office today to schedule your consultation.